The chair of “Legal medicine and medical rights”
of Tashkent Medical Academy
The history of the Department is connected with the organization of the medical faculty of Turkestan state University in 1920. In the initial stages it functioned as a course in the departments of General pathology (head – Professor V.V.Vasilievsky), histology (head – Professor E.M.Shlyakhtin). The course was located in one room, and the training sessions on forensic medicine were conducted by the staff of the above departments, who were not specialists in this field.
Ilin Alexander Stepanovich (1854-1932) – doctor of medical Sciences, Professor. He headed the Department in 1922-1928.
In 1882 he graduated from the medical faculty of the St. Petersburg military Academy. Member of the Russian-Japanese war. Ilyin has significant achievements in the development of the Department. He laid the foundations of the Museum Department,where is one of the founders of the fundamental library of the medical faculty of the University. Under his leadership, 2 doctoral and 5 master’s thesis were defended.
In 1922, the head of the Department of forensic medicine was elected doctor of medical Sciences A.S.Ilin, and the activity of the Department was greatly revived. In the building of the former chapel in the territory of city hospital the mortuary where forensic examinations of corpses began to be carried out was equipped. In the educational process of the Department were involved in the medical examiner V.S.Elkin and Professor Department of normal anatomy, forensics, and military district of S.E.Zimmerman. The pedagogical process at the Department was combined with practical activities. It was in these years that the Museum of the Department was organized.
A.S.Ilin paid great attention to the training of specialists for the forensic medical service. In particular, the Department had training in forensic medical examination the doctors Y.A.Blinovskiy, A. M. Geller, M. G. Itkina, N.F.Kolosov, M.A.Startseva, M.N.Skorobogatova, I.P.Alexeev, M.Svirin. In 1928, 6 doctors – forensic experts, trained at the Department, began to organize forensic medical expert service in the field (in the cities of Andijan, Samarkand, Fergana, Khodjent, Termez).
Markovin Ivan Vasilievich (1878-1946) – doctor of medical Sciences, Professor, honored worker of science. He headed the Department in the period 1928-1946.
In 1908 he graduated from the medical faculty of Moscow University. Member of the First world war. In 1923 he defended his thesis on “the Morphological composition of meconium and its forensic significance”. In 1936, for a set of scientific works he was awarded the degree of doctor of medical Sciences. The founder of the Republican Cabinet of forensic medicine. For a number of years he was the chief forensic expert of the Ministry of health, during the war years-the chief medical expert of the Republican military Tribunal. He also conducted a course of forensic medicine at the Tashkent law Institute. I.V.Markovin author of many scientific works, under his leadership defended 1 PhD thesis.
In 1928, Professor I.V.Markovin was elected to the post of head of the Department and he worked in this position until 1946. During this period, the activities of the forensic laboratory at the Department significantly expanded. Supervised the laboratory for master of pharmacy V.I.Shablikin, judicial-chemical examination was carried out V.L.Pyzhova, judicial-biological examination – M.S.Calasina. This laboratory served judicial and investigative bodies not only in Uzbekistan, but also in Other Central Asian republics. I.V.Markovin paid great attention to the expansion of the Museum Fund of the Department. In the future, the Museum had more than 1,500 exhibits, mainly macropreparations. Students participated in forensic examinations of living persons and corpses.
In 1928, in addition to Professor V.I.Markovin, a senior assistant, S.I.Ilyin, teachers S.E.Zimmermann, V.I.Scheblykin, and others worked at the Department. The educational process consisted of lectures, seminars and practical classes.
In 1935, the Department began to work assistants N.F.Kolosova, Y.F.Monkovskaya, B.V.Matveyev and O.G.Maslova.
In 1940, the Department moved to a separate building with eight rooms. In this period were specialized in forensic A.U.Gafurov, D.A.Mukhin, S.A.Zhangalieva, A.V.Bashkirov.
During the Second World War in connection with the mobilization of individual employees to the front of the Department were invited new employees – S.A.Zhangalieva, Morozova (from Moscow), L.L.Sotnikov (from Kharkov), E.M.Zernitskaya (from Leningrad).
For the first time post-war years in connection with the re-evacuation of some employees there was a problem of staffing the Department specialists. In this period, the Department worked Y.F.Mankovska, V.I.Shablikin, demobilized from the army L.V.Sypris. In graduate school at the Department were accepted participants of the war T.K.Kushakov, A.R.Rakhimov.
Employees of the Department conducted re-examination, mainly of the third instance. In most cases, complex forensic examinations were carried out on site.
Professor I.V.Markovin and under his leadership at the Department conducted scientific research on the study of physical evidence, meconium, mechanical damage to the heart and his shirt, congenital deformities and other issues.
Kolosova Nina Fedorovna (1902-1969) – candidate of medical Sciences, assistant Professor, honored doctor. Managed the Department in the years 1946-1953. In 1927 she graduated from the medical faculty of Central Asian state University. In 1945 she defended her thesis on “Congenital deformities of limbs in the forensic medical relation”. For a number of years at the same time conducted a course of forensic medicine at the Tashkent law Institute. In the improvement of forensic medical practice was important “a Brief guide to the opening and execution of protocols”, prepared by N.F.Kolosova in 1939. For two years she was the chief forensic expert of the Ministry of health.
In 1946-1953 the Department was headed by a student of Professor I.V.Markovina, associate Professor N.F.Kolosova. Scientific activity N. F.Kolosova is mainly devoted to the study of forensic significance of congenital deformities. During this period, the Department received training in forensics L.M.Nekrasova, L.G.Kirillova, M.Tubman, E.T.Shishkova, S.D.Blyahman, S.M.Rubinov, L.M.Belenkaya, Sarychev, E.S.Prigogine.
Shahabutdinov Sirajiddin Shahabutdinovich (1920-1978) – doctor of medical Sciences. Managed the Department in the years 1953-1963.
In 1942 he graduated from the Tashkent state medical Institute. In 1946 he defended his thesis on “age-related features of innervation of the prostate”, in 1973 he defended his doctoral thesis on ” some Morphological functional changes in animals with poisoning gorchak pink.” In 1951-1957 he headed the Department of normal anatomy of the Institute. In 1953-1963 at the same time he was the head of the main Bureau of forensic medical examination, the chief forensic medical expert of the Ministry of health.
In the period 1953-1963 the Department was headed by associate Professor S.Sh.Shakhabutdinov. During these years, research staffs of the Department were mainly associated with the toxicology of alkaloid-containing plants. S.Sh.Shakhabutdinov paid great attention to strengthening the material and technical base of the Department and improving its communication with forensic expert institutions.
Eidlin Lazar Markovich (1898-1978) – doctor of medical Sciences, Professor. He headed the Department in 1963-1966.
In 1924 he graduated from the medical faculty of Tomsk University. In 1937, for a set of scientific works he was awarded the degree of doctor of medical Sciences. Author of more than 80 scientific works, on topical issues of forensic medicine. In particular, in 1965 the third edition of the monograph “Gunshot injuries”was published. Under The leadership of L.M.Eidlin 1 doctoral and 4 candidate dissertations were defended.
In 1963-1966 the Department was headed by Professor L.M.Eidlin. In this period, the Department worked assistants I.G.Shafeev, B.V.Matveev, K.T.Kushakov A.R.Rakhimov, S.C.Nodel, O.P.Kan. Scientific researches of Professor L.M.Aidlin were mainly devoted to the issues of forensic medical examination of gunshot injuries and physical evidence. In the future, under the guidance of Professor L.M.Eidlin defended his thesis V.A.Akbarov, L.I.Kazantsev.
Rakhimov Anvar Rakhimovich (1923-1990) – candidate of medical Sciences, assistant Professor. He headed the Department in 1966-1971.
In 1944 he graduated from the Tashkent state medical Institute. Member of the Second world war. In 1966 he defended his thesis on ” Materials of forensic medical examination of non-lethal car injury.” He is the author of many scientific works on forensic medical examination in cases of transport injury.
In 1966-1971 the Department was headed by associate Professor A.R.Rakhimov. The Department worked assistants V.A.Akbarov, E.A.Sobchak, G.M.Bekmuhamedov, T.G.Gulyamov, K.Nazarbekov, D.Mahkamav, V.F.Smirnov, Y.S.Brauner. In 1970 as student-researchers were accepted for the Department R.A.Akchurina (R.A.Isayeva), B.A.Sadykov, R.Sh.Ismailov. Associate Professor A.R.Rakhimov conducted scientific research on the problem of non-lethal injury to the car, assistant V.A.Akbarov to the closed chest.
Tulyaganov Phazil Djuraevich (1924-1998) – doctor of medical Sciences, Professor. Headed the Department from 1971 to 1976.
Member of the second world war. In 1952 he graduated from the Tashkent state medical Institute and was left in graduate school at the Department of pathological anatomy of the Institute. In 1956 he defended his thesis. In 1970 he defended his doctoral dissertation on ” Pathological and anatomical changes of internal organs and brain in young children with toxicosis associated with intestinal diseases.”
In 1957 he organized the Department of pathological anatomy of Andijan medical Institute and headed this Department until 1965. In 1965-1971, he first headed the Department of the Central research laboratory, and later headed the Department of pathological anatomy of the Tashkent State medical Institute. In 1976-1988 he headed the Department of pathological anatomy of the Tashkent Institute of advanced medical training. Later he worked as a Professor-consultant of the Department of pathological anatomy of the first Tashkent medical Institute.
P.D.Tulyaganov is the author of 5 monographs, a number of textbooks, brochures, more than 120 scientific works. Under his leadership, he defended 20 doctoral and master’s thesis in various medical specialties.
From 1971 to 1976 the Department was headed by Professor P.D.Tulyaganov. During this period, the scientific activity of the Department was greatly revived. In particular, attention was paid to the strengthening of communication with specialists of other branches of medicine. In this period, assistants of the Department A.A.Yuldashev, M.Bekmuhamedov, S.I.Ismailova worked. R.A.Isaeva, B.A.Sadykov, Z.A.Giyazov, S.Y.Beknazarov, H.A.Nadyrov, L.A.Kim was graduate students, trainees, researchers of the Department. Some of them later worked as assistants, associate professors.
Scientific researches of the Department were devoted to the toxicology of pesticides, non-violent death, forensic examination of the corpses clothing and other issues. Under the direction of Professor P.D.Tulyaganov, Ph.D. Z.A.Giyasov, R.A.Isaev, S.Y.Beknazarov. In addition, Professor P.D.Tulyaganov supervised dissertations in other medical specialties – pathological anatomy, obstetrics-gynecology, dentistry.
Djalalov Djalil Djalalovich (1932-2012) – doctor of medical Sciences, Professor. He headed the Department in 1976-2003.
In 1955 he graduated from Samarkand state medical Institute and was left as a clinical resident at the Department of skin and venereal diseases of the Institute. In 1957-1967 he worked as a forensic expert, head of the Department of Samarkand regional Bureau of forensic medical examination. In 1968-1975 he worked as an assistant, senior lecturer at the Department of forensic medicine of Samarkand state medical Institute. In 1975-1976 he worked as an associate Professor of the Department of forensic medicine of the Tashkent State medical Institute. Since 2003 he worked as a Professor of the Department of forensic medicine of the Tashkent medical Academy.
In 1967 he defended his thesis on “New opportunities for the study of sperm and its spots in the forensic medical purposes”, in 1982 he defended his doctoral thesis on”the Study of hemoglobin, choline, spermin and acid phosphatase chromatographic method for forensic purposes.”
Dj.Dj.Djalalovich is author of 1 textbook, 4 monographs, about 50 certificates of invention and rationalization proposals, more than 20 methodical, practical manuals, more than 300 scientific works. Under his leadership, 1 doctoral and 10 master’s thesis were defended.
From 1976 to 2003 the Department was headed by Professor Dj.Dj.Djalalov. During this period attention was drawn to the strengthening of the Department and for this purpose, on the grounds of the hospital 2 Institute branch was organized, the first Chief of the Bureau, later the Tashkent city Bureau is judicial-medical examination, the employee base of the Department. In this branch there are forensic clinics, Department of morphological and forensic Sciences laboratory. In practical training sessions, students are directly involved in the production of forensic examinations in these units.
In different years of this period, the Department worked docents: A.A.Yuldashev, R.A.Isaev, Sh.Y.Beknazarov, B.S.Abdullaev, B.A.Eshmuratov, A.S.Aidarkulov, I.I.Bahriev, senior lecturers – B.D.Choi, A.S.Sadykov, assistants – B.A.Sadykov, M.A.Rakhimov, S.Alimov, T.G.Ganiev, E.J.Jumaniyazov, F.N.Lachinov, U.Ruziev.
Scientific research of the Department staff was devoted to the study of physical evidence. Under the guidance of Professor Dj.Dj.Djalalov – Z.A.Giyasov her doctorate, B.S.Abdullaev, A.Sh.Aidarkulov, B.A.Eshmuratov, A.T.Kokkinos, S.N.Ibadullayev, I.Boriev, E.J.Jumaniyazov, F.N.Lachinov, T.J.Akhmedov, M.A.Khasanova defended her dissertation.
Giyasov Zaynitdin Asamutdinovich (1950) – doctor of medical Sciences, Professor. He headed the Department in 2003-2012.
In 1973 he graduated from the Tashkent state medical Institute. In 1973-1979 he was a post-graduate student, assistant of the Department of forensic medicine of the Institute. In 1993-2003 he worked as an assistant Professor, Professor of the Department.
In 1977 he defended his thesis on “the Importance of autoimmune changes in the Genesis of some types of sudden cardiac death”, in 1995 he defended his doctoral thesis on “Forensic characteristics of the causes of child mortality in Uzbekistan”.
In the period 1984-2012 he worked as head of the main Bureau of forensic medical examination, chief forensic medical expert of the Ministry of health. In 1993 he organized a course of forensic medicine at the Tashkent Institute of advanced training of doctors and currently works as a Professor of this course.
Z.A.Giyasov is the author of 4 textbooks, 4 monographs, 8 practical manuals, many scientific works. Under his leadership, 2 doctoral and 8 master’s thesis were defended.
In the period 2003-2012, the Department was headed by Professor Z.A.Giyasov. In connection with the introduction of a new discipline in the system of higher medical education – “legal basis of doctor’s activity” since 2003, the Department became known as “The Department of forensic medicine and medical law”. In 2005, on the basis of two medical institutes was organized Tashkent Medical Academy, which operated a single Department.
In this period, the Department worked Professor Dj.Dj. Djalalov, associate professors Sh.Y.Beknazarov, R.A.Isaeva, I.I.Bahriev, senior lecturer A.S.Sadykov, assistants E.J.Jumaniyazov, T.J.Akhmedov, Z.A.Ulugov, B.T.Yakubov, J.Sh.Beknazarov, T.R.Karimov, B.A.Abdukarimov.
Scientific researches of the Department were devoted to the problems of the study of physical evidence, nonviolent death, transport injury, suicide, and legal aspects of medical activity. Under the guidance of Professor Z.A.Giyasov – S.I.Indiaminov and S.E.Islamov defended their doctoral, H.R.Khaydarov, B.T.Khalmatova, O.I.Ismailov, Z.B.Khalmatov, K.A.Maksumkhanov, F.G.Ganiyev, R.D.Yakubjanov, G.B.Shodiev defended their theses.
Since 2012, the Department is headed by associate Professor I.I.Bakhriev.
Bahriev Ibragim Isomadinovich (1965) – candidate of medical Sciences, Assistant Professor. Since 2012 he has been head of the Department.
In 1988 he graduated from Samarkand state medical Institute. In 1988-1991-assistant of the Department of clinical Pediatrics of the Institute. In 1992-1995-post-graduate student of the Department of forensic medicine of the second Tashkent State medical Institute. In 1995-2012 he worked as an assistant, associate Professor of this Department.
In 1997 he defended his thesis on “the Study of haptoglobin in some cavity fluids of the corpse in the forensic relation”.
I.I.Bakhriev is the author of 5 manuals, guidelines, more than 40 scientific articles and abstracts.
At the Department has been working Professor Z.A.Giyasov, associate professors S.Y.Beknazarov, E.J.Jumaniyazov, senior lecturer: Ph.D. M.A.Khasanova, assistants: Ph.D. T.J.Akhmedov, R.Z. Khikmatullaev, S.A.Khakimov, N.X.Akhmedova, S.B.Sultanov.
Scientific research of the Department staff is devoted to the study of physical evidence, nonviolent death, suicide, as well as legal aspects of medical activities.